Role of ADAM17 as a regulatory checkpoint of CD16A in NK cells and as a potential target for cancer immunotherapy

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Abstract

Human NK cell antitumor activities involve Ab-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC), which is a key mechanism of action for several clinically successful tumor-targeting therapeutic mAbs. Human NK cells exclusively recognize these Abs by the Fcγ receptor CD16A (FcγRIIIA), one of their most potent activating receptors. Unlike other activating receptors on NK cells, CD16A undergoes a rapid down-regulation in expression by a proteolytic process following NK cell activation with various stimuli. In this review, the role of a disintegrin and metalloproteinase-17 (ADAM17) in CD16A cleavage and as a regulatory checkpoint is discussed. Several studies have examined the effects of inhibiting ADAM17 or CD16A cleavage directly during NK cell engagement of Ab-coated tumor cells, which resulted in strengthened Ab tethering, decreased tumor cell detachment, and enhanced CD16A signaling and cytokine production. However, the effects of either manipulation on ADCC have varied between studies, which may be due to dissimilar assays and the contribution of different killing processes by NK cells. Of importance is that NK cells under various circumstances, including in the tumor microenvironment of patients, down-regulate CD16A and this appears to impair their function. Considerable progress has been made in the development of ADAM17 inhibitors, including human mAbs that have advantages of high specificity and increased half-life in vivo. These inhibitors may provide a therapeutic means of increasing ADCC potency and/or antitumor cytokine production by NK cells in an immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment, and if used in combination with tumor-targeting Abs or NK cell-based adoptive immunotherapies may improve their efficacy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1297-1303
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Leukocyte Biology
Volume105
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2019

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Disintegrins
Metalloproteases
Natural Killer Cells
Immunotherapy
Neoplasms
Tumor Microenvironment
Down-Regulation
Natural Killer Cell Receptors
Cytokines
Adoptive Immunotherapy
Fc Receptors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Half-Life

Keywords

  • ADAM17
  • antibody
  • immunotherapy

Cite this

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title = "Role of ADAM17 as a regulatory checkpoint of CD16A in NK cells and as a potential target for cancer immunotherapy",
abstract = "Human NK cell antitumor activities involve Ab-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC), which is a key mechanism of action for several clinically successful tumor-targeting therapeutic mAbs. Human NK cells exclusively recognize these Abs by the Fcγ receptor CD16A (FcγRIIIA), one of their most potent activating receptors. Unlike other activating receptors on NK cells, CD16A undergoes a rapid down-regulation in expression by a proteolytic process following NK cell activation with various stimuli. In this review, the role of a disintegrin and metalloproteinase-17 (ADAM17) in CD16A cleavage and as a regulatory checkpoint is discussed. Several studies have examined the effects of inhibiting ADAM17 or CD16A cleavage directly during NK cell engagement of Ab-coated tumor cells, which resulted in strengthened Ab tethering, decreased tumor cell detachment, and enhanced CD16A signaling and cytokine production. However, the effects of either manipulation on ADCC have varied between studies, which may be due to dissimilar assays and the contribution of different killing processes by NK cells. Of importance is that NK cells under various circumstances, including in the tumor microenvironment of patients, down-regulate CD16A and this appears to impair their function. Considerable progress has been made in the development of ADAM17 inhibitors, including human mAbs that have advantages of high specificity and increased half-life in vivo. These inhibitors may provide a therapeutic means of increasing ADCC potency and/or antitumor cytokine production by NK cells in an immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment, and if used in combination with tumor-targeting Abs or NK cell-based adoptive immunotherapies may improve their efficacy.",
keywords = "ADAM17, antibody, immunotherapy",
author = "Jianming Wu and Mishra, {Hemant K} and Bruce Walcheck",
year = "2019",
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doi = "10.1002/JLB.2MR1218-501R",
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T1 - Role of ADAM17 as a regulatory checkpoint of CD16A in NK cells and as a potential target for cancer immunotherapy

AU - Wu, Jianming

AU - Mishra, Hemant K

AU - Walcheck, Bruce

PY - 2019/6/1

Y1 - 2019/6/1

N2 - Human NK cell antitumor activities involve Ab-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC), which is a key mechanism of action for several clinically successful tumor-targeting therapeutic mAbs. Human NK cells exclusively recognize these Abs by the Fcγ receptor CD16A (FcγRIIIA), one of their most potent activating receptors. Unlike other activating receptors on NK cells, CD16A undergoes a rapid down-regulation in expression by a proteolytic process following NK cell activation with various stimuli. In this review, the role of a disintegrin and metalloproteinase-17 (ADAM17) in CD16A cleavage and as a regulatory checkpoint is discussed. Several studies have examined the effects of inhibiting ADAM17 or CD16A cleavage directly during NK cell engagement of Ab-coated tumor cells, which resulted in strengthened Ab tethering, decreased tumor cell detachment, and enhanced CD16A signaling and cytokine production. However, the effects of either manipulation on ADCC have varied between studies, which may be due to dissimilar assays and the contribution of different killing processes by NK cells. Of importance is that NK cells under various circumstances, including in the tumor microenvironment of patients, down-regulate CD16A and this appears to impair their function. Considerable progress has been made in the development of ADAM17 inhibitors, including human mAbs that have advantages of high specificity and increased half-life in vivo. These inhibitors may provide a therapeutic means of increasing ADCC potency and/or antitumor cytokine production by NK cells in an immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment, and if used in combination with tumor-targeting Abs or NK cell-based adoptive immunotherapies may improve their efficacy.

AB - Human NK cell antitumor activities involve Ab-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC), which is a key mechanism of action for several clinically successful tumor-targeting therapeutic mAbs. Human NK cells exclusively recognize these Abs by the Fcγ receptor CD16A (FcγRIIIA), one of their most potent activating receptors. Unlike other activating receptors on NK cells, CD16A undergoes a rapid down-regulation in expression by a proteolytic process following NK cell activation with various stimuli. In this review, the role of a disintegrin and metalloproteinase-17 (ADAM17) in CD16A cleavage and as a regulatory checkpoint is discussed. Several studies have examined the effects of inhibiting ADAM17 or CD16A cleavage directly during NK cell engagement of Ab-coated tumor cells, which resulted in strengthened Ab tethering, decreased tumor cell detachment, and enhanced CD16A signaling and cytokine production. However, the effects of either manipulation on ADCC have varied between studies, which may be due to dissimilar assays and the contribution of different killing processes by NK cells. Of importance is that NK cells under various circumstances, including in the tumor microenvironment of patients, down-regulate CD16A and this appears to impair their function. Considerable progress has been made in the development of ADAM17 inhibitors, including human mAbs that have advantages of high specificity and increased half-life in vivo. These inhibitors may provide a therapeutic means of increasing ADCC potency and/or antitumor cytokine production by NK cells in an immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment, and if used in combination with tumor-targeting Abs or NK cell-based adoptive immunotherapies may improve their efficacy.

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