Robust regularized image restoration

Taek Mu Kwon, Michael E. Zervakis

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


Many image processing applications involve long-tailed noise processes, which introduce outliers in the gray-level distribution of the image. The performance of conventional restoration algorithms is highly degraded by such noise processes. In this paper, a novel restoration approach is introduced, which combines the properties of regularized and robust estimation schemes. Most prominent regularized approaches attempt to compensate for the ill-posedness of the pseudo-inverse solution. Regularization is achieved by constraining the least squares solution in terms of a smoothing criterion. The optimization approach introduced in this paper, further modifies the regularized criterion according to the notion of M-estimation. Thus, an influence function is employed in restraining the contribution of large estimate-deviations in the optimization criterioa The modified criterion provides nonlinear estimates, which do not suffer from artifacts due to the presence of long-tailed noise. The computation of the robust regularized estimate is based on the simple structure of a steepest-descent iterative procedure. One of the most important factors associated with the concept of regularization, is the regularization parameter. Adaptive schemes concerning the selection of this parameter at every iteration step are introduced. The convergence properties of the robust and the adaptive algorithms introduced are extensively studied. The capabilities of the robust regularized algorithms are demonstrated through restoration examples.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)317-328
Number of pages12
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
StatePublished - Oct 1 1991
EventStochastic and Neural Methods in Signal Processing, Image Processing, and Computer Vision 1991 - San Diego, United States
Duration: Jul 21 1991 → …

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 1991 SPIE. All rights reserved.


Dive into the research topics of 'Robust regularized image restoration'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this