Robust Integrative Biclustering for Multi-view Data

W. Zhang, C. Wendt, R. Bowler, C. P. Hersh, S. E. Safo

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In many biomedical research, multiple views of data (e.g., genomics, proteomics) are available, and a particular interest might be the detection of sample subgroups characterized by specific groups of variables. Biclustering methods are well-suited for this problem as they assume that specific groups of variables might be relevant only to specific groups of samples. Many biclustering methods exist for identifying row-column clusters in a view but few methods exist for data from multiple views. The few existing algorithms are heavily dependent on regularization parameters for getting row-column clusters, and they impose unnecessary burden on users thus limiting their use in practice. We extend an existing biclustering method based on sparse singular value decomposition for single-view data to data from multiple views. Our method, integrative sparse singular value decomposition (iSSVD), incorporates stability selection to control Type I error rates, estimates the probability of samples and variables to belong to a bicluster, finds stable biclusters, and results in interpretable row-column associations. Simulations and real data analyses show that iSSVD outperforms several other single- and multi-view biclustering methods and is able to detect meaningful biclusters. iSSVD is a user-friendly, computationally efficient algorithm that will be useful in many disease subtyping applications.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
StatePublished - Nov 11 2021


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