Air data probes provide essential sensing capabilities to aircraft. The loss or corruption of air data measurements due to sensor faults jeopardizes an aircraft and its passengers. To address such faults, sensor hardware redundancy is typically combined with a voting system to detect and discard erroneous measurements. This approach relies on redundancy, which may lead to unacceptable increases in system weight and cost. This paper presents an alternative, model-based approach to fault detection for a non-redundant air data system. The model-based fault detection strategy uses robust linear filtering methods to reject exogenous disturbances, e.g. wind, and provide robustness to model errors. The proposed algorithm is applied to NASA's Generic Transport Model aircraft with an air data system modeled based on manufacturer data provided by Goodrich Corporation. The fault detection filters are designed using linearized models at one flight condition. The detection performance is evaluated at a particular reference flight condition using linear analysis and nonlinear simulations.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Proceedings of the 18th IFAC World Congress|
|Number of pages||6|
|Edition||1 PART 1|
|State||Published - 2011|
|Name||IFAC Proceedings Volumes (IFAC-PapersOnline)|
|Number||1 PART 1|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. 0931931 entitled CPS: Embedded Fault Detection for Low-Cost, Safety-Critical Systems. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation. The authors acknowledge Andrei Dorobantu for the design of the inner-loop SAS controller.
- Air data systems
- Fault detection
- Robust estimation