Type 1 diabetic patients with end-stage renal disease can choose dialysis or transplantation for renal replacement therapy. For patients choosing transplantation, a kidney from a living related donor is associated with longer allograft and patient survival. When a living donor is not available, then a combined cadaveric kidney and pancreas transplant can be considered. The addition of a pancreas transplant incurs greater morbidity and may require higher levels of immunosuppression. However, there may be substantial benefits, including improvement in quality of life and stabilization of neuropathy. Patients with type 1 diabetes younger than 45 years with little or no atherosclerotic vascular disease are ideal candidates for a combined kidney and pancreas transplant. Patients who do not meet these criteria but who have life-threatening hypoglycemia may also wish to consider pancreas transplantation, but have an increased risk of serious complications. The risks and benefits of combined kidney and pancreas transplantation are outlined in this review and should be carefully considered by potential transplant recipients and their physicians.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Issue number||SUPPL. 2|
|State||Published - Mar 10 1999|