Risk Prioritization Tool to Identify the Public Health Risks of Wildlife Trade: The Case of Rodents from Latin America

I. Bueno, K. M. Smith, F. Sampedro, C. C. Machalaba, W. B. Karesh, D. A. Travis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Wildlife trade (both formal and informal) is a potential driver of disease introduction and emergence. Legislative proposals aim to prevent these risks by banning wildlife imports, and creating 'white lists' of species that are cleared for importation. These approaches pose economic harm to the pet industry, and place substantial burden on importers and/or federal agencies to provide proof of low risk for importation of individual species. As a feasibility study, a risk prioritization tool was developed to rank the pathogens found in rodent species imported from Latin America into the United States with the highest risk of zoonotic consequence in the United States. Four formally traded species and 16 zoonotic pathogens were identified. Risk scores were based on the likelihood of pathogen release and human exposure, and the severity of the disease (consequences). Based on the methodology applied, three pathogens (Mycobacterium microti, Giardia spp. and Francisella tularensis) in one species (Cavia porcellus) were ranked as highest concern. The goal of this study was to present a methodological approach by which preliminary management resources can be allocated to the identified high-concern pathogen-species combinations when warranted. This tool can be expanded to other taxa and geographic locations to inform policy surrounding the wildlife trade.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)281-293
Number of pages13
JournalZoonoses and Public Health
Volume63
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016

Fingerprint

prioritization
Latin America
Rodentia
wildlife
public health
rodents
Public Health
pathogens
Zoonoses
Mycobacterium microti
Francisella tularensis
Giardia
Geographic Locations
Arvicolinae
Pets
resource management
Feasibility Studies
Mycobacterium
guinea pigs
disease severity

Keywords

  • Emerging diseases
  • Risk assessment
  • Risk prioritization
  • Rodent-borne pathogen
  • Wildlife trade
  • Zoonoses

Cite this

Risk Prioritization Tool to Identify the Public Health Risks of Wildlife Trade : The Case of Rodents from Latin America. / Bueno, I.; Smith, K. M.; Sampedro, F.; Machalaba, C. C.; Karesh, W. B.; Travis, D. A.

In: Zoonoses and Public Health, Vol. 63, No. 4, 01.06.2016, p. 281-293.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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