Risk of prematurity and infant morbidity and mortality by maternal fertility status and plurality

Barbara Luke, Morton B. Brown, Ethan Wantman, David B. Seifer, Amy T. Sparks, Paul C. Lin, Kevin J. Doody, Bradley J. Van Voorhis, Logan G Spector

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Purpose: To evaluate the risk of prematurity and infant mortality by maternal fertility status, and for in vitro fertilization (IVF) pregnancies, by oocyte source and embryo state combinations. Methods: Women in 14 States who had IVF-conceived live births during 2004–13 were linked to their infant’s birth and death certificates; a 10:1 sample of non-IVF births was selected for comparison; those with an indication of infertility treatment on the birth certificate were categorized as subfertile, all others were categorized as fertile. Risks were modeled separately for the fertile/subfertile/IVF (autologous-fresh only) group and for the IVF group by oocyte source-embryo state combinations, using logistic regression, and reported as adjusted odds ratios (AORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). Results: The study population included 2,474,195 pregnancies. Placental complications (placenta previa, abruptio placenta, and other excessive bleeding) and prematurity were both increased with pregestational and gestational diabetes and hypertension, among subfertile and IVF groups, and in IVF pregnancies using donor oocytes. Both subfertile and IVF pregnancies were at risk for prematurity and NICU admission; IVF infants were also at risk for small-for-gestation birthweight, and subfertile infants had greater risks for neonatal and infant death. Within the IVF group, pregnancies with donor oocytes and/or thawed embryos were at greater risk of large-for-gestation birthweight, and pregnancies with thawed embryos were at greater risk of neonatal and infant death. Conclusions: Prematurity was associated with placental complications, diabetes and hypertension, subfertility and IVF groups, and in IVF pregnancies, donor oocytes and/or thawed embryos.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)121-138
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 15 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.


  • Embryo state
  • Fertility status
  • Infant morbidity
  • Infant mortality
  • Oocyte source
  • Placental complications
  • Prematurity


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