Risk management in agricultural markets: A review

William G. Tomek, Hikaru Hanawa Peterson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

72 Scopus citations


This article surveys and evaluates the current state of knowledge about producers' marketing strategies to manage price and revenue risk for farm commodities. The review highlights gaps between concepts and their implementation. Many well-developed models of price behavior exist, but appropriate characterization and estimation of the probability distributions of commodity prices remain elusive. Hence, the preferred measure of price risk is ambiguous. Numerous models of optimal marketing portfolios for farmers have been specified, but their behavior appears to be inconsistent with most, if not all, of these models. In addition, some research suggests that farmers can earn speculative profits, which is inconsistent with notions of efficient markets. The conclusions discuss what academic research can and cannot accomplish in relation to assisting producers with risk-management decisions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)953-985
Number of pages33
JournalJournal of Futures Markets
Issue number10
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001


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