Risk factors for violence and relational aggression in adolescence

Todd I. Herrenkohl, Barbara J. McMorris, Richard F. Catalano, Robert D. Abbott, Sheryl A. Hemphill, John W. Toumbourou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

60 Scopus citations


Analyses examined risk factors for seventh-and ninth-grade youth categorized as nonoffenders, physically violent, relationally aggressive, and both violent and relationally aggressive. Bivariate and multivariate results showed that relationally aggressive youth were elevated on most risks above levels for nonoffenders but lower than those for youth who were violent alone or violent in combination with relational aggression. Youth who were both relationally aggressive and violent did not differ from those who were violent alone on most risk factors examined. Peer, individual, and family risks were among the strongest predictors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)386-405
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Interpersonal Violence
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2007

Bibliographical note

Copyright 2011 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Adolescence
  • Relational aggression
  • Risk factors
  • Violence


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