Risk factors for acute gastrointestinal bleeding following myocardial infarction in veteran patients who are prescribed clopidogrel

Justin R. Cuschieri, Paul Drawz, Yngve Falck-Ytter, Richard C.K. Wong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Our aim was to identify risk factors for acute gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding in patients with myocardial infarction (MI) who were prescribed clopidogrel following hospital discharge. Methods: Data were collected retrospectively from patients treated in Veteran Affairs hospitals in Ohio, USA, from 2001 to 2008 with a primary diagnosis of MI (International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision) and a prescription for clopidogrel filled within 48 h of discharge. Primary outcome was acute GI bleeding after discharge. Results: Acute GI bleeding occurred in 107 of 3218 patients. Bleeding occurred in those who were elder (66.2 vs 62.4 years, P=0.0002), had lower glomerular filtration rate (74 vs 81mL/min, P=0.024), had filled prescription for warfarin (15.9% vs 6.9%, P=0.0004), diagnosed as atrial fibrillation (20.6% vs 11.1%, P=0.003), chronic liver (5.6% vs 2.2%, P=0.018) or kidney disease (29.0% vs 19.4%, P=0.016). A risk model and GI bleed risk score were developed and showed that patients with age >65 years, use of warfarin, the presence of chronic liver or kidney disease were at increased risk for GI bleeding. Conclusions: Veterans patients of advanced age, using warfarin and with chronic liver and kidney disease may be at increased risk of GI bleeding when prescribed clopidogrel following MI. A scoring system may help to identify patients at high risk for GI bleeding.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)195-201
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Digestive Diseases
Volume15
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2014

Keywords

  • Clopidogrel
  • Gastrointestinal hemorrhage
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Risk factor
  • Veteran

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