Bovine trichomonosis (BT) is a contagious disease, characterized by reproductive failure, embryonic losses, infertility, and abortions, which directly impacts the reproductive performance of cattle. In this cross-sectional questionnaire-based study, 56 veterinarians provided information on the geographic location and on the demographic, husbandry, and sanitary characteristics of 173 beef herds located in 26 (21%) counties of the Province of Buenos Aires, Argentina. Herds rearing beef cattle (OR = 2.5, 95% CI = 1.0, 6.3), with low pregnancy rate in cows (≤90%) (OR = 4.1, 95% CI = 1.5, 10.8), sharing livestock with other owners or farmers (OR = 5.4, 95% CI = 1.8, 16.5), and where trichomonosis was reported during the previous year (OR = 4.1, 95% CI = 1.7, 9.6) were at significantly greater risk of being BT positive. This study provided information for future risk assessment and/or management plans for the prevention and control of BT in a region where the disease is considered to be endemic.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The project was funded in part by the UC Davis Graduate Student Support Program, by the Barron International MPVM Fellowship, and by the U.S. Armed Forces Medical Intelligence Center. We gratefully acknowledge Drs. Robert BonDurant, UC Davis, and Carlos Campero and Ernesto Späth, INTA Balcarce, Argentina, for assistance in interpreting the results.
- Beef cattle
- Bovine trichomonosis
- Tritrichomonas foetus
- Venereal disease