Risk factors associated with Tritrichomonas foetus infection in beef herds in the Province of Buenos Aires, Argentina

F. O. Mardones, A. M. Perez, A. Martínez, T. E. Carpenter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Bovine trichomonosis (BT) is a contagious disease, characterized by reproductive failure, embryonic losses, infertility, and abortions, which directly impacts the reproductive performance of cattle. In this cross-sectional questionnaire-based study, 56 veterinarians provided information on the geographic location and on the demographic, husbandry, and sanitary characteristics of 173 beef herds located in 26 (21%) counties of the Province of Buenos Aires, Argentina. Herds rearing beef cattle (OR = 2.5, 95% CI = 1.0, 6.3), with low pregnancy rate in cows (≤90%) (OR = 4.1, 95% CI = 1.5, 10.8), sharing livestock with other owners or farmers (OR = 5.4, 95% CI = 1.8, 16.5), and where trichomonosis was reported during the previous year (OR = 4.1, 95% CI = 1.7, 9.6) were at significantly greater risk of being BT positive. This study provided information for future risk assessment and/or management plans for the prevention and control of BT in a region where the disease is considered to be endemic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)231-237
Number of pages7
JournalVeterinary Parasitology
Volume153
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 31 2008

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The project was funded in part by the UC Davis Graduate Student Support Program, by the Barron International MPVM Fellowship, and by the U.S. Armed Forces Medical Intelligence Center. We gratefully acknowledge Drs. Robert BonDurant, UC Davis, and Carlos Campero and Ernesto Späth, INTA Balcarce, Argentina, for assistance in interpreting the results.

Keywords

  • Beef cattle
  • Bovine trichomonosis
  • Tritrichomonas foetus
  • Venereal disease

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