Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure - Copy and immediate recall (3 minutes): Normative data for Spanish-speaking pediatric populations

J. C. Arango-Lasprilla, D. Rivera, M. M. Ertl, J. M. Muñoz Mancilla, C. E. García-Guerrero, W. Rodriguez-Irizarry, A. Aguayo Arelis, Y. Rodríguez-Agudelo, M. D. Barrios Nevado, M. Vélez-Coto, T. P. Yacelga Ponce, A. Rigabert, C. García De La Cadena, S. Pohlenz Amador, E. Vergara-Moragues, M. Soto-Añari, A. I. Peñalver Guia, M. Saracostti Schwartzman, R. Ferrer-Cascales

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE: To generate normative data for the Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure (ROCF) in Spanish-speaking pediatric populations. METHOD: The sample consisted of 4,373 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Each participant was administered the ROCF as part of a larger neuropsychological battery. The ROCF copy and immediate recall (3 minutes) scores were normed using multiple linear regressions and standard deviations of residual values. Age, age 2, sex, and mean level of parental education (MLPE) were included as predictors in the analyses. RESULTS: The final multiple linear regression models showed main effect for age on copy and immediate recall scores, such that scores increased linearly as a function of age. Age 2 affected ROCF copy score for all countries, except Puerto Rico; and ROCF immediate recall scores for all countries, except Chile, Guatemala, Honduras, Paraguay, and Puerto Rico. Models indicated that children whose parent(s) had a MLPE >12 years obtained higher scores compared to children whose parent(s) had a MLPE≤12 years for Chile, Puerto Rico, and Spain in the ROCF copy, and Paraguay and Spain for the ROCF immediate recall. Sex affected ROCF copy and immediate recall score for Chile and Puerto Rico with girls scoring higher than boys. CONCLUSIONS: This is the largest Spanish-speaking pediatric normative study in the world, and it will allow neuropsychologists from these countries to have a more accurate approach to interpret the ROCF Test in pediatric populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)593-603
Number of pages11
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
aIKERBASQUE, Basque Foundation for Science, Bilbao, Spain bBioCruces Health Research Institute, Cruces University Hospital, Barakaldo, Spain cDivision of Counseling Psychology, University at Albany, SUNY, NY, USA dUniversidad Autónoma de Asunción (UAA), Asunción, Paraguay eMindpedia Centro de Psicología Avanzada, Monterrey, México fUniversidad Interamericana de Puerto Rico, Recinto de San Germán, Puerto Rico gDepartamento de investigación, Psicología, Universidad Enrique Díaz de León, Guadalajara, Mexico hInstituto Nacional de Neurología y Neurocirugía, MVS, Ciudad de México, México iResearch Center CERNEP, Almeria University, Almería, Spain jCIMCYC-The Mind, Brain and Behaviour Research Centre, Universidad de Granada, Granada, Spain kEscuela de Psicología, Universidad de Las Américas, Quito, Ecuador lDepartment of Psychology, Universidad Loyola Andalucía, Sevilla, Spain mDepartamento de Psicología, Universidad del Valle de Guatemala, Guatemala City, Guatemala nEscuela de Ciencias Psicológicas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Honduras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras oUniversidad Internacional de la Rioja (UNIR), Logroño, Spain pUniversidad Católica San Pablo, Arequipa, Peru qNational Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery INN, Havana, Cuba rUniversidad de la Frontera, Temuco, Chile sDepartment of Health Psychology, University of Alicante, Spain

Funding Information:
∗Address for correspondence: Juan Carlos Arango Lasprilla, Ph.D., BioCruces Health Research Institute, Cruces University Hospital, IKERBASQUE, Basque Foundation for Science, Plaza de Cruces s/n. 48903, Barakaldo. Bizkaia, Spain. Tel.: +34 94600 6000/Ext. 7963; E-mail:

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 - IOS Press and the authors. All rights reserved.


  • neuropsychology
  • pediatric population
  • Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure
  • Spanish-speaking populations


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