Revisiting trainee reactions: A multilevel analysis of the nomological network

Sehoon Kim, Soyoun Park, John LaVelle, Minjung Kim, Sanghamitra Chaudhuri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Surveying participants' reactions remains the most popular approach to evaluate training programs. However, it is unclear how reactions are related to training contexts and outcomes. Using a multilevel analysis, this study examined the structural relationships among individual/situational characteristics, trainee reactions, and training outcomes in mandatory safety and health training programs. We analyzed data from 545 participants of 29 face-to-face training classes who completed three sequential surveys. The results revealed that pre-training motivation and the classroom setting are associated with reactions, and reactions are associated with participatory behavior, cognitive learning, and perceived transfer. Trainee reactions significantly mediated the relationships of pre-training motivation and the classroom setting with training outcomes. The significance of this study is identifying the roles of trainee reactions in training, applying a multilevel analysis in training research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)173-191
Number of pages19
JournalHuman Resource Development Quarterly
Issue number2
StateAccepted/In press - 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


  • affective reactions
  • learning
  • participation
  • reactions
  • situational characteristics
  • trainee characteristics
  • transfer
  • utility reaction


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