Revised M11 Exchange-Correlation Functional for Electronic Excitation Energies and Ground-State Properties

Pragya Verma, Ying Wang, Soumen Ghosh, Xiao He, Donald G. Truhlar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

70 Scopus citations


The ability of Kohn-Sham density functional theory (KS-DFT) to accurately predict various types of electronic excitation energies with (necessarily approximate) exchange-correlation functionals faces several challenges. Chief among these is that valence excitations are usually inherently multiconfigurational and therefore best treated by functionals with local exchange, whereas Rydberg and charge-transfer excitations are often better treated with nonlocal exchange. The question arises regarding whether one can optimize a functional such that all three kinds of excitations (valence, Rydberg, and charge transfer, including long-range charge transfer) are treated in a balanced and accurate way. The goal of the present work is to try to answer that question and then to optimize a functional with the best possible balanced behavior. Of the variety of functional types available, we choose to use a range-separated hybrid meta functional for the following reasons: (i) Range separation allows the percentage of Hartree-Fock (HF) exchange to change with interelectronic separation, and therefore, one can have 100% HF exchange at large interelectronic separations, which gives good performance for long-range charge-transfer excitations, while the range separation allows one to simultaneously have smaller values of HF exchange at small and intermediate interelectronic separations, giving good performance for valence and Rydberg excitations. (ii) Meta functionals allow one to obtain better accuracy with high HF exchange than is possible with functionals whose local part depends only on spin densities and their gradients. This work starts with the range-separated hybrid meta functional M11 and reoptimizes it (with strong smoothness restraints) against electronic excitation energies and ground-state properties to obtain a new functional called revM11 that gives good performance for all three types of electronic excitations and at the same time gives very good predictions across the board for ground-state properties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2966-2990
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Issue number13
StatePublished - Apr 4 2019

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Copyright © 2019 American Chemical Society.


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