Background: The Kidney Allocation System (KAS) includes a scoring system to match transplant candidate life expectancy with expected longevity of the donor kidney, and a backdating policy that gives waitlist time credit to patients waitlisted after starting dialysis treatment (post-dialysis). We estimated the effect of the KAS on employment among patient subgroups targeted by the policy. Methods: We used a sample selection model to compare employment after transplant before and after KAS implementation among patients on the kidney-only transplant waitlist between December 4, 2011 and December 31, 2017. Results: Post-dialysis transplant recipients aged 18–49 were significantly more likely to be employed 1-year post transplant in the post-KAS era compared to the pre-KAS era. Transplant recipients aged 35–64 with no dialysis treatment were significantly less likely to be employed 1 year after transplant in the post-KAS era compared to the pre-KAS era. Conclusions: This study provides the first assessment of employment after DDKT under the KAS and provides important information about both the methods used to measure employment after transplant and the outcome under the KAS. Changes in employment after DDKT among various patient subgroups have important implications for assessing long-term patient and societal effects of the KAS and organ allocation policy.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Funding support for this research that was provided, in part, by the: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Department of Health and Human Services and the Midwest Center for Occupational Health and Safety (NIOSH Training Grant Number T42OH008434).
© 2021 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
- Scientific Registry for Transplant Recipients (SRTR)
- donors and donation
- organ allocation
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article
- Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.