Retrospective distortion in homosexual research

Michael W. Ross

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Scopus citations


Two possible levels of bias have been reported with regard to recall of human sexual behavior. A third level is postulated, that of bias in line with societal expectations. Looking at Australian and Swedish homosexual men, significant differences were found in recall of opposite-sex childhood play expectations independent of relationships with parents. It is concluded that sex-role rigidity and attitudes toward homosexuality may play an important part in these differences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)523-531
Number of pages9
JournalArchives of sexual behavior
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 1980


  • childhood recall
  • femininity
  • gender identity
  • homosexuality


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