Retrospective coping strategies during sexual identity formation and current biopsychosocial stress

Robert Paul Juster, Émilie Ouellet, Jean Philippe Lefebvre-Louis, Shireen Sindi, Philip Jai Johnson, Nathan Grant Smith, Sonia J. Lupien

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


Background: Lesbian, gay men, and bisexual individuals (LGBs) often experience distress related to the recognition, self-acceptance, and disclosure of their sexual orientation. Objectives and Design: Retrospectively reported coping strategies enacted during sexual identity formation among LGBs were assessed in relation to current stress indices measured using environmental (frequency of perceived daily hassles), psychological (perceived distress), and biological (allostatic load [AL] levels representing physiological dysregulations) perspectives. Methods: Forty-six healthy LGBs between the ages of 18 and 45 (M = 23.91, SE = .80) participated. Questionnaires included the Ways of Coping Checklist adapted to disclosure milestones, Daily Hassles Inventory, and Perceived Stress Scale. AL was calculated using 21 biomarkers of neuroendocrine, immune, cardiovascular, and metabolic functioning. Results: Avoidance coping during sexual identity formation was positively associated with frequency of daily hassles (β = .598, p < .001), perceived stress (β = .361, p = .015), and AL (β = .405, p = .006). By contrast, seeking social support was negatively associated with perceived stress (β = –.598, p = .048). Conclusions: Emotion-focused coping strategies during LGB sexual identity development are associated with current indices of biopsychosocial stress.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAnxiety, Stress and Coping
StateAccepted/In press - Feb 11 2015


  • allostatic load
  • coping strategies
  • daily hassles
  • perceived stress
  • sexual orientation/identity
  • transdisciplinarity

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article


Dive into the research topics of 'Retrospective coping strategies during sexual identity formation and current biopsychosocial stress'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this