Retransplant outcomes compared with first kidney transplants: Important observations not reported in the scientific registry of transplant recipients annual report

Oscar K. Serrano, Arthur J. Matas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Objectives: Twice per year, the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients provides risk-adjusted center-specific reports of 1-and 3-year outcomes. In addition, the Registry reports 10-year aggregate survival outcomes for kidney transplant recipients. However, in this annual report, no distinction is made between outcomes of patients with a first transplant versus those with retransplants. Materials and Methods: We analyzed data from the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients between 1992 and 2015 to determine outcomes after a 1st, 2nd, or ≥ 3rd kidney transplant. Recipients were stratified by donor source (living vs deceased) and transplant number, and rates of graft failure, death-censored graft failure, and death with functioning graft were determined. Results: From 1992 to 2015, rates of graft failure and death-censored graft failure at 6 months, 1 year, 3 years, 5 years, and 10 years decreased; however, long-term rates of death with functioning graft were unchanged. Outcomes for 1st and 2nd kidney transplant were better than outcomes for ≥ 3rd transplant. Conclusions: It would be extremely valuable if the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients could present stratified analyses that would account for a host of factors, including organ sequence, which tend to vary by center. The presentation of risk-adjusted outcomes in the annual Registry report could include a more comprehensive assessment of program performance. Such information would be extremely useful for transplant centers, patients, and their support networks, organ procurement organizations, and other transplant stakeholders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)48-52
Number of pages5
JournalExperimental and Clinical Transplantation
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020



  • Graft failure
  • Patient outcomes
  • Renal transplantation

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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