In all, 473 renal transplants were performed at the University of Minnesota in 386 children 1-17 years old between August 14, 1963 and December 31, 1988. Standard immunosuppressive protocols, pretransplant blood transfusions, and discontinuation of routine splenectomy have led to improving graft and patient survival rates. Children receiving living-related donor kidneys had better graft and patient survival rates, compared to cadaver kidneys. Graft and patient survival rates were better in children who received primary grafts, compared to retransplants. Children who received DST plus conventional immunosuppression had poorer graft survival, compared to quadruple immunosuppression during the same era. Recently, 1-year graft survival rates with quadruple immunosuppression are equal for children receiving primary, living-related donor or cadaver kidneys. Graft and patient survival rates in children 1-4 years old are identical to those in children 5-17 years old. Age no longer appears to be a risk factor for children undergoing kidney transplantation. Good patient and graft survival rates can be achieved at centers specializing in kidney transplantation for small children. Currently, transplantation is the treatment of choice for all children who are candidates for renal replacement therapy.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||14|
|State||Published - 1989|