Restrained eaters were hypothesized to prefer high kilocalorie (KCAL) food when given a choice of both high and low KCAL foods after consuming a high KCAL preload. Study 1 found no differences between restrained and unrestrained eaters in food choice in either preload condition. Study 2 found that preloaded subjects preferred lower KCAL foods than subjects in the no preload condition. Both restrained and unrestrained eaters ate less food after consuming a high KCAL preload than after no preload. Preloaded restrained eaters expressed a greater number of control-related thoughts regarding food than any other group; however, these thoughts did not mediate disinhibited eating. Implications for restraint theory are discussed.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was conducted with the support ofa Doctoral Dissertation Fellowship and Doctoral Dissertation Special Grant to Simone A. French from the University of Minnesota Graduate School.