The response of plasma β-endorphin (ir) to infusions of randomly assigned d-amphetamine (20 mg) and placebo was studied in eight schizophrenic patients. Although there was no statistically significant difference between the response to d-amphetamine and placebo, significant increases in plasma β-endorphin (ir) levels were observed following each infusion. Although heterogeneity in β-endorphin (ir) response was observed, individual differences did not relate to clinical variables such as abnormalities on computed tomography or "process-reactive" distinctions. An excessive β-endorphin response to placebo in schizophrenia is discussed.
- placebo response