Respiratory kinematics in female classical singers

Peter J. Watson, Thomas J. Hixon, Elaine T. Stathopoulos, Daniel R. Sullivan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations


Kinematic behavior of the respiratory apparatus was studied during speaking and singing in four female subjects, all classical singers. Results revealed that respiratory events were similar to those observed previously for male classical singers. Findings suggest that respiratory function in classical singing is not sex-related in its kinematic manifestations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)120-128
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Voice
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1990

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgment: This work was supported by grant DC-00281 from the National Institute on Deafness and other Communicative Disorders.


  • Kinematics
  • Respiration
  • Sex
  • Singing


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