Resonance Raman spectra of individual excitonically coupled chromophore aggregates

Christopher C. Rich, Jeanne L. McHale

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14 Scopus citations


We report resonance Raman spectra of individual porphyrin nanotubular aggregates of meso-tetra(4-sulfonatophenyl)porphyrin (TSPP) deposited on glass. Using a novel internal/external standard method, we show that absolute Raman cross sections of low-frequency vibrational modes are greatly enhanced by J-band excitation. We report single-aggregate resonance Raman spectra obtained without surface enhancement. Variations in the relative intensities of low- and high-frequency Raman modes of different aggregates and images of the resonance light scattering in epi-illumination reveal variations in aggregate structure and allow the possible correlation between Raman intensity and coherence to be explored. Polarized Raman spectra of individual aggregates confirm that the J-band is a composite of two closely spaced vibronically coupled transitions polarized parallel and perpendicular to the long axis of the aggregate, in accordance with our structural model of a hierarchical helical nanotube. The evolution of the Raman spectrum of a single aggregate during laser heating reveals the role of water in the assembly of structural subunits. Our experimental results provide insight into the concept of aggregation-enhanced Raman scattering.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10856-10865
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Issue number20
StatePublished - May 23 2013


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