Resolving io’s volcanoes from a mutual event observation at the large binocular telescope

Katherine de Kleer, Michael Skrutskie, Jarron Leisenring, Ashley G. Davies, Al Conrad, Imke de Pater, Aaron Resnick, Vanessa P. Bailey, Denis Defrère, Phil Hinz, Andrew Skemer, Eckhart Spalding, Amali Vaz, Christian Veillet, Charles E. Woodward

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Unraveling the geological processes ongoing at Io’s numerous sites of active volcanism requires high spatial resolution to, for example, measure the areal coverage of lava flows or identify the presence of multiple emitting regions within a single volcanic center. In de Kleer et al. (2017) we described observations with the Large Binocular Telescope during an occultation of Io by Europa at ∼6:17 UT on 2015 March 8 and presented a map of the temperature distribution within Loki Patera derived from these data. Here we present emission maps of three other volcanic centers derived from the same observation: Pillan Patera, Kurdalagon Patera, and the vicinity of Ulgen Patera/PV59/N Lerna Regio. The emission is localized by the light curves and resolved into multiple distinct emitting regions in two of the cases. Both Pillan and Kurdalagon Paterae had undergone eruptions in the months prior to our observations, and the location and intensity of the emission are interpreted in the context of the temporal evolution of these eruptions observed from other facilities. The emission from Kurdalagon Patera is resolved into two distinct emitting regions separated by only a few degrees in latitude that were unresolved by Keck observations from the same month.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number227
JournalPlanetary Science Journal
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The LBT is an international collaboration among institutions in the United States, Italy, and Germany. LBT Corporation partners are the University of Arizona on behalf of the Arizona university system; Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica, Italy; LBT Beteiligungsgesellschaft, Germany, representing the Max-Planck Society, the Astrophysical Institute Potsdam, and Heidelberg University; The Ohio State University; and The Research Corporation, on behalf of The University of Notre Dame, University of Minnesota, and University of Virginia. The LBT Interferometer is funded by NASA as part of its Exoplanet Exploration program. The LMIRcam instrument is funded by the US NSF through grant NSF AST-0705296. C.E.W. acknowledges support from NASA PAST grant 80NSSC19K0868.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021. The Author(s). Published by the American Astronomical Society.


  • Galilean satellites (627)
  • Interferometry (808)
  • Io (2190)
  • Occultation (1148)
  • Volcanism (2174)


Dive into the research topics of 'Resolving io’s volcanoes from a mutual event observation at the large binocular telescope'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this