We advocate a shift in emphasis within cognitive neuroscience from multivariate pattern analysis (MVPA) to the design and testing of explicit models of neural representation. With such models, it becomes possible to identify the specific representations encoded in patterns of brain activity and to map them across the brain.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the McDonnell Center for Systems Neuroscience and Arts & Sciences at Washington University (K.N.K.) and by grant NEI R01 EY023384 (T.N.).
- Computational modeling
- Encoding model
- Multivariate pattern analysis