A clinical recall program was initiated at the University of Minnesota to evaluate the longevity and factors affecting longevity of resin-bonded fixed partial dentures (FPDs). Of the 49 resin-bonded FPDs evaluated in the clinic, 43 were acid-etched metal, resin-bonded FPDs, four were combinations of resin-bonded and conventional FPDs, and two were composite resin pontics. None of the combination FPDs and one of the two composite resin pontics were judged as failed at the examination. Of the 43 acid-etched metal resin-bonded FPDs, 15 were found to be debonded (failure rate = 34.9%). The average length of service for the 43 FPDs was 47.3 months. The average time of placement to debondment was 33 months for the 15 debonded FPDs. The failure rate for maxillary FPDs and FPDs with two retainers were significantly lower than the failure rate for mandibular FPDs and FPDs with more than two retainers (p > 0.05). The clinical significance of the present study was discussed.