Resilience in Army STARRS: Evaluating psychometrics of a multi-dimensional resilience measure

Kayla Reed-Fitzke, Anthony J. Ferraro, James M. Duncan, Armeda S. Wojciak, Alexus Hamilton, Hilary D. Pippert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


As policymakers and the U.S. military continue to place an emphasis on the resilience of servicemembers, it is critical to utilize psychometrically sound and valid scales to measure resilience. Using two independent samples of Army soldiers-in-training, this study explored the measurement of resilience in the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience among Servicemembers (Army STARRS) New Soldier Study Component (NSS). Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was used to identify the factor structure of a measure of resilience within the Army STARRS NSS. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was then used to confirm the factor structure, then internal reliability was assessed. Convergent validity of the identified resilience factors was examined using two-tailed bivariate correlations. The EFA identified a three-factor structure of a measure of resilience. The CFA confirm the first-order three-factor structure of stress tolerance, positive orientation, and social resources. Each factor was uniquely distinct from measures of the likelihood of generalized anxiety disorder and major depressive disorder, lifetime stressful events, and social network. Findings highlights the utility of a three-factor aggregate measure of resilience in the Army STARRS NSS and provide practitioners with a more nuanced picture of the role of resilience among soldiers-in-training.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalMilitary Psychology
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Division 19 (Society for Military Psychology) of the American Psychological Association.


  • Army
  • factor analysis
  • measurement
  • resilience
  • validity


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