Research progress on pyrolysis of nitrogen-containing biomass for fuels, materials, and chemicals production

Jianyun Xiong, Shumei Zhang, Linyao Ke, Qiuhao Wu, Qi Zhang, Xian Cui, Anqi Dai, Chuangxin Xu, Kirk Cobb, Yuhuan Liu, Roger Ruan, Yunpu Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Pyrolysis of nitrogen-containing biomass holds tremendous potential for producing varieties of high value-added products, alleviating energy depletion. Based on the research status about nitrogen-containing biomass pyrolysis, the effect of biomass feedstock composition on pyrolysis products is first introduced from the aspects of elemental analysis, proximate analysis, and biochemical composition. The properties of biomass with high and low nitrogen used in pyrolysis are briefly summarized. Then, with the pyrolysis of nitrogen-containing biomass as the core, biofuel characteristics, nitrogen migration during pyrolysis, the application prospects, unique advantages of nitrogen-doped carbon materials for catalysis, adsorption and energy storage are introduced, as well as their feasibility in producing nitrogen-containing chemicals (acetonitrile and nitrogen heterocyclic) are reviewed. The future outlook for the application of the pyrolysis of nitrogen-containing biomass, specifically, how to realize the denitrification and upgrading of bio-oil, performance improvement of nitrogen-doped carbon materials, as well as separation and purification of nitrogen-containing chemicals, are addressed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number162214
JournalScience of the Total Environment
StatePublished - May 10 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This project was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 52166015 ), The Major Discipline Academic and Technical Leaders Training Program of Jiangxi Province ( 20204BCJ23011 ), The Jiangxi Provincial Natural Science Foundation ( 20212ACB215007 ), The Centrally Guided Local Science Technology Special Project ( 20202ZDB01012 ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Elsevier B.V.


  • Biofuels
  • Chemicals
  • Nitrogen-containing biomass
  • Nitrogen-doped carbon materials
  • Pyrolysis

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Review


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