Research Methods: How to Perform an Effective Peer Review

Elise Peterson Lu, Brett G. Fischer, Melissa A. Plesac, Andrew P.j. Olson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Scientific peer review has existed for centuries and is a cornerstone of the scientific publication process. Because the number of scientific publications has rapidly increased over the past decades, so has the number of peer reviews and peer reviewers. In this paper, drawing on the relevant medical literature and our collective experience as peer reviewers, we provide a user guide to the peer review process, including discussion of the purpose and limitations of peer review, the qualities of a good peer reviewer, and a step-by-step process of how to conduct an effective peer review.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e409-e413
JournalHospital Pediatrics
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1 2022


  • Humans
  • Peer Review
  • Peer Review, Research

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article


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