Reporting Guideline for RULER: Rasch Reporting Guideline for Rehabilitation Research: Explanation and Elaboration

Ann Van de Winckel, Allan J. Kozlowski, Mark V. Johnston, Jennifer Weaver, Namrata Grampurohit, Lauren Terhorst, Shannon Juengst, Linda Ehrlich-Jones, Allen W. Heinemann, John Melvin, Pallavi Sood, Trudy Mallinson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


The Rasch Reporting Guideline for Rehabilitation Research (RULER) provides peer-reviewed, evidence-based, transparent, and consistent recommendations for reporting studies that apply Rasch Measurement (RM) Theory in a rehabilitation context. The purpose of the guideline is to ensure that authors, reviewers, and editors have uniform guidance about how to write and evaluate research on rehabilitation outcome assessments. The RULER statement includes an organizing framework and a checklist of 59 recommendations. This companion article supports the RULER statement by providing details about the framework, rationale for the domains and recommendations in the checklist and explaining why these considerations are important for improving consistency and transparency in reporting the results of RM studies. This article is not intended to describe how to conduct RM studies but provides rationale for the essential elements that authors should address in each domain. Consistency and transparency in reporting RM studies will advance rehabilitation research if authors consider these issues when planning their study and include the checklist when they submit their manuscript for peer review. A copy of the checklist can be found at [table 2 in].

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1487-1498
Number of pages12
JournalArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Dr Mallinson and Ms Weaver report funding from the US Department of Defense under grant JW150040 (Dr Theresa Bender-Pape, PI).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine


  • Guideline
  • Outcome assessment, health care
  • Rehabilitation
  • Treatment outcome

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Comment


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