Report of effective trametinib therapy in 2 children with progressive hypothalamic optic pathway pilocytic astrocytoma: Documentation of volumetric response

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Brain tumors are the most common solid tumor in childhood, and astrocytomas account for the largest proportion of these tumors. Increasing sophistication in genetic testing has allowed for the detection of specific mutations within tumor subtypes that may represent targets for individualized tumor treatment. The mitogen-activating protein kinase (MAPK) pathway and, more specifically, BRAF mutations have been shown to be prevalent in pediatric pilocytic astrocytomas and may represent one such area to target. Herein, the authors describe 2 cases of inoperable, chemotherapy-resistant pediatric pilocytic astrocytomas with a documented response to trametinib, an MAPK pathway inhibitor. While these cases were not treated in the setting of a clinical trial, their data support further ongoing clinical trial investigation to evaluate the safety and efficacy of this agent in pediatric low-grade gliomas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)319-324
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2017



  • Astrocytoma
  • BRAF mutation
  • MAPK pathway
  • Oncology
  • Pediatric
  • Trametinib

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