Repolarization Vector Magnitude Differentiates Kawasaki Disease from Normal Children

Daniel Cortez, Sonali S. Patel, Nandita Sharma, Bruce F. Landeck, Anthony C. McCanta, Pei Ni Jone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Introduction: Kawasaki disease (KD) is the leading cause of acquired heart disease in children. The 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) changes in patients during the acute phase of KD include flattened T waves and prolonged corrected QT intervals (QTc). We set out to determine the 12-lead ECG and vectorcardiography predictors for identification of patients with KD and which of these predictors would be clinically useful for early identification of those with coronary artery anomalies (CAA). Methods: A blinded, retrospective case-control study of patients with KD and age-matched controls was performed. Deep Q waves, QTc, spatial QRS-T angles, and T-wave vector magnitude (root mean square of the T wave, RMS-T) were assessed. Comparisons between groups were performed to test for significant differences. Results: Fifty patients with KD (mean age 3.1 ± 3.1 years, 26% female) were compared to 50 previously healthy control patients (mean age 3.8 ± 2.9 years, 44% female). Of the KD patients, 32 (64%) were diagnosed as incomplete KD and 28 (56%) of them had CAA. When compared to the control group, KD patients had abnormal Q waves (72% vs 44% P = 0.005), shorter QTc values (395.1 ± 24.7 ms vs 410.4 ± 34.7 ms, P = 0.013), and lower RMS-T (0.42 ± 0.02 mV vs 0.63 ± 0.03 mV P < 0.001), respectively. Incomplete KD was also discriminated from controls by the same parameters. No differences were noted between KD patients with versus without CAA. Conclusion: The RMS-T differentiates complete and incomplete KD from controls. KD patients with CAA were not differentiated from those without CAA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)493-499
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


  • echo
  • electrocardiogram
  • pediatric-electrophysiology


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