Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is the preferred reperfusion strategy for ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). However, only one-third of hospitals in the US have PCI availability 24/7. For non-PCI hospitals, transfer remains the optimal strategy. For expected delays of greater than 120 minutes, a pharmacoinvasive strategy is recommended. In patients with evidence of failed reperfusion or hemodynamic instability, immediate rescue PCI should be performed. All other patients should undergo routine cardiac catheterization and PCI within 24 hours after fibrinolysis. A pharmacoinvasive strategy is best implemented within an organized regional STEMI system with prospective standardized transfer protocols.
- Facilitated PCI
- Interhospital transfer
- Percutaneous coronary intervention
- ST segment elevation myocardial infarction