Repeatability of respiratory exchange ratio time series analysis

Michael T. Nelson, George R. Biltz, Donald R. Dengel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Currently, there are few studies on the repeatability of a time series analysis of respiratory exchange ratio (RER) under the same conditions. This repeated-measures study compared 2 trials completed under the same conditions. After an 8-hour fast, subjects (7 male and 5 female) (mean ± SD) of age 27.3 ± 3.7 years, body weight of 71.8 ± 8.4 kg, percent body fat of 16.4 ± 8.1%, and peak oxygen uptake (Vo 2 peak) of 46.0 ± 5.3 ml·kg -1 ·min -1 completed a Vo 2 peak test followed 7 days later by a cycle ergometer test at 30% of ventilatory threshold (VT) and 60% of VT for 15 minutes each. These tests were repeated again 7 days later. Paired t-tests revealed no significant differences between the tests for mean RER or sample entropy (SampEn) score at both intensities. The coefficients of variance were generally similar for the mean and SampEn of the RER. The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) values for the mean RER at 30% of VT were 1.00 and at 60% of VT were 0.92. The ICC values for the SampEn RER at 30% of VT were 0.81 and at 60% of VT were the lowest at 0.25. Bland-Altman plots demonstrated a measure of agreement between both methods. We demonstrated that RER measurements at 30 and 60% of VT are repeatable during steady-state cycle ergometery. Future research should determine if this finding is consistent with a larger sample size and different exercise intensities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2550-2558
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of strength and conditioning research
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 8 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 National Strength and Conditioning Association.


  • metabolic flexibility
  • metabolism
  • sample entropy
  • variability


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