Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) patients have augmented blood pressure increases during exercise, heightening their cardiovascular risk. However, it is unknown whether patients have exaggerated renal vasoconstriction during exercise and if oxidative stress contributes to this response. Eleven PAD patients and 10 controls (CON) performed 4-min mild, rhythmic, plantar flexion exercise of increasing intensity (0.5–2 kg) with each leg (most and least affected in PAD). Eight patients also exercised with their most affected leg during ascorbic acid (AA) infusion. Renal blood flow velocity (RBFV; Doppler ultrasound), mean arterial blood pressure (MAP; Finometer), and heart rate (HR; electrocardiogram [ECG]) were measured. Renal vascular resistance (RVR), an index of renal vasoconstriction, was calculated as MAP/ RBFV. Baseline RVR and MAP were similar while HR was higher in PAD than CON (2.08 ± 0.23 vs. 1.87 ± 0.20 au, 94 ± 3 vs. 93 ± 3 mmHg, and 72 ± 3 vs. 59 ± 3 bpm [P < 0.05] for PAD and CON, respectively). PAD had greater RVR increases during exercise than CON, specifically during the first minute (PAD most: 26 ± 5% and PAD least: 17 ± 5% vs. CON: 3 ± 3%; P < 0.05). AA did not alter baseline RVR, MAP, or HR. AA attenuated the augmented RVR increase in PAD during the first minute of exercise (PAD most: 33 ± 4% vs. PAD most with AA: 21 ± 4%; P < 0.05). In conclusion, these findings suggest that PAD patients have augmented renal vasoconstriction during exercise, with oxidative stress contributing to this response.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by National Institutes of Health grants P01 HL096570 L. I. S., and UL1 TR000127 (L. I. S.), as well as C06 RR016499.
© 2013 The Authors.
- Oxidative stress
- Peripheral arterial disease