Recent reports indicate that, in addition to treating hypertension, renal denervation (RDN) also mitigates renal inflammation. However, because RDN decreases renal perfusion pressure, it is unclear whether these effects are because of the direct effects of RDN on inflammatory signaling or secondary to decreased arterial pressure (AP). Therefore, this study was conducted to elucidate the contribution of renal nerves to renal inflammation in the deoxycorticosterone (DOCA)-salt rat, a model in which RDN decreases AP and abolishes renal inflammation. In Experiment 1, we assessed the temporal changes in renal inflammation by measuring renal cytokines and AP in DOCA-salt rats. Uninephrectomized (1K) adult male Sprague Dawley rats that received surgical RDN or sham (Sham) were administered DOCA (100 mg, SC) and 0.9% saline for 21 days. AP was measured by radiotelemetry, and urinary cytokine excretion was measured repeatedly. In Experiment 2, the contribution of renal nerves in renal inflammation was assessed in a 2-kidney DOCA-salt rat to control for renal perfusion pressure. DOCA-salt treatment was administered after unilateral (U-)RDN. In Experiment 1, DOCA-salt-induced increases in AP and renal inflammation (assessed by urinary cytokines) were attenuated by RDN versus Sham. In Experiment 2, GRO/KC (growth-related oncogene/keratinocyte chemoattractant), MCP (monocyte chemoattractant protein)-1, and macrophage infiltration were lower in the denervated kidney versus the contralateral Sham kidney. No differences in T-cell infiltration were observed. Together, these data support the hypothesis that renal nerves mediate, in part, the development of renal inflammation in the DOCA-salt rat independent of hypertension. The mechanisms and cell-specificity mediating these effects require further investigation.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) R01HL116476 (PI: J.W. Osborn and Co-PI: G.D. Fink) and NIH K99HL141650 (PI: C.T. Banek).
- cardiovascular disease