Renal infarction as a presentation of Austrian syndrome: Thromboembolic phenomenon of pneumococcal endocarditis

Charoen Mankongpaisarnrung, Suthipong Soontrapa, Teerapat Nantsupawat, Vipul Desai, Kenneth Nugent

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

A 52-year-old unvaccinated and splenectomized man presented with fever, altered sensorium, bilateral flank pain and chest discomfort accompanied with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation with a rapid ventricular response. An abdominal computed tomography scan was performed, which revealed a right renal infarct and splenosis. Transthoracic echocardiography was performed, which demonstrated an echodense structure on the mitral valve with mitral regurgitation and a vegetation on the aortic valve with aortic regurgitation. Subsequently, he was found to have pneumococcal infective endocarditis, pneumococcal pneumonia and bacterial meningitis, namely Austrian syndrome. He underwent an early aortic valve and mitral valve repair but still had a poor clinical outcome. Renal infarction has a mortality of approximately 13.2%, which is strongly influenced by the underlying diseases and infectious complications. Medical and surgical treatment initiated in a timely manner is often inadequate. The authors report the first case of Austrian syndrome presenting with renal infarction as a clue to an embolic event associated with infective endocarditis in this study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)251-254
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of the Medical Sciences
Volume344
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2012

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Copyright 2017 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

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