Release of oxygen free radicals by macrophages and neutrophils in patients with rheumatic fever

V. Kumar, N. K. Ganguly, I. S. Anand, P. L. Wahi

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10 Scopus citations


The generation of oxygen free radicals (OFR) by peripheral blood monocytes and neutrophils of patients withr rheumatic fever (RF) and rheumatic heart disease (RHD) has been studied using the luminol-enhanced chemiluminescence technique. The mechanism of OFR generation was studied by measuring NADPH oxidase enzyme activity. The effect of substrate was studied by measuring the hexose monophosphate (HMP) shunt enzymes: glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase and 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase. Three groups of patients ((i) recurrent rheumatic activity, (ii) chronic RHD, (iii) acute pharyngitis) and normal controls were studied at day 0 and followed-up serially at 15, 90 and 180 days. The release of OFR, was significantly higher (P < 0.001) in patients with recurrent rheumatic activity than in those with acute pharyngitis or chronic RHD, throughout the study period. A significant decline (P < 0.001) in OFR release was observed from day 0 to day 180 in these patients, whereas no such change was observed in the chronic RHD group. This study raises the possibility that these phagocytic cells, which infiltrate the myocardium, may through generation of OFR, have a role in the pathogenesis of cardiac damage seen in patients with RHD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)163-165
Number of pages3
JournalEuropean heart journal
Issue numberSUPPL. D
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991


  • Chemiluminescence
  • HMP shunt enzymes
  • NADPH oxidase
  • Oxygen free radicals
  • Rheumatic fever


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