Release density, efficiency and disappearance of Trichogramma nubilale for control of European corn borer

D. A. Andow, D. R. Prokrym

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26 Scopus citations

Abstract

We evaluated how many Trichogramma nubilale should be released at a single location to control Ostrinia nubilalis in sweet corn. Six 8.6×16 m plots received 18.4 to 2 090 ΦΦT. nubilale/SAI when plants were in the mid to late whorl stage, where SAI, surface area index, is the plant surface area/m2. To evaluate the potential control by our releases, we exposed laboratory-reared O. nubilalis egg masses to the released parasitoids at 4 times after the release. When an egg mass was parasitized by T. nubilale, 75.7% of the eggs in the egg mass were parasitized. We developed an equation to estimate the percent of egg masses that a single female was expected to parasitize in a day (efficiency of parasitism) and female disappearance (death and dispersal) rates, if both were constant during our experiment. The exponential disappearance rate was -0.52±0.03 day-1, which implied that 40% of the remaining ΦΦ disappeared per day. The efficiency of parasitism was 0.050% parasitism/Φ/SAI/day, which implied that at least 351,000 ΦΦ/ha would be needed to achieve 90% parasitism. Clearly, for T. nubilale to be a successful biological control agent, efficiency of parasitism must be increased and disappearance rates must be reduced.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)105-113
Number of pages9
JournalEntomophaga
Volume36
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1991

Keywords

  • Insecta
  • Ostrinia nubilalis
  • Pyralidae
  • Richogrammatidae
  • biological control
  • inundative release

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