Relaxation in shape-memory alloys - Part I. Mechanical model

K. Bhattacharya, R. D. James, P. J. Swart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations


A variety of relaxation phenomena such as the stabilization of martensite, rubber-like behavior, evolving hysteresis loops and stabilization of interfaces have been observed in various shape-memory alloys. These effects adversely impact technological applications. Despite a great deal of experimental evidence, there is no consensus on the mechanism. However, there is universal agreement on certain fundamental aspects of these phenomena. Based on these areas of agreement, we propose a phenomenological, but predictive, model in this paper. This model is based on the framework of thermoelasticity augmented with an internal variable. In this part, we discuss the basic mechanical model and show that it reproduces the experimental observations remarkably well. In Part II of this paper, we extend this model to include thermal effects and use these models to propose new experiments in order to clarify longstanding issues.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4547-4560
Number of pages14
JournalActa Materialia
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1997

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
t work was partially supported through grants from the post-doctoral positions at the Courant Institute. This AFOSR (KB, PJS:90-0090 at Courant, KB:F49620-95-1-

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