Relative Importance of Personality and General Mental Ability in Managers' Judgments of Applicant Qualifications

Wendy S. Dunn, Michael K. Mount, Murray R. Barrick, Deniz S. Ones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

134 Scopus citations

Abstract

Eighty-four managers who make hiring decisions in 1 of 6 occupations representative of J. L. Holland's (1973) 6 job typologies (medical technologist, insurance sales agent, carpenter, licensed practical nurse, reporter, and secretary) rated 39 hypothetical job applicants on 2 dependent variables, hirability and counterproductivity. Applicants were described on the Big Five personality factors (Emotional Stability, Extraversion, Openness to Experience, Agreeableness, and Conscientiousness) and on general mental ability. Results showed that general mental ability and conscientiousness were the most important attributes related to applicants' hirability and that Emotional Stability, Conscientiousness, and Agreeableness were the most important attributes related to counterproductivity. In most respects, these results mirror meta-analytic reviews of validity studies, thereby confirming hypotheses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)500-509
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Applied Psychology
Volume80
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1995

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