Relationship between physical activity and diet among African-American girls.

Russell Jago, Tom Baranowski, Sunmi Yoo, Karen W. Cullen, Issa Zakeri, Kathy Watson, John H. Himes, Charlotte Pratt, Wanjie Sun, Leslie A. Pruitt, Donna M. Matheson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To examine the cross-sectional relationships between physical activity and dietary behaviors among 8- to 10-year-old African-American girls. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Two hundred ten 8- to 10-year-old African-American girls from four field centers participated. Computer Science and Applications (CSA) activity monitors were worn for 3 days. CSA data were expressed as mean CSA counts per minute, mean minutes of moderate to vigorous activity per day, and mean metabolic equivalents (METS) per minute. Two nonconsecutive 24-hour dietary recalls were analyzed for kilocalories; percent kilocalories from fat; daily servings of fruit, 100% fruit juice, and vegetables; sweetened beverages; and water consumption. Height and weight were measured, and information on household income, material possessions, and participant age were obtained. RESULTS: All three expressions of physical activity were significantly negatively associated with percentage calories from fat (r = -0.147 to -0.177, p < 0.01), and mean METS per minute were significantly positively associated with percentage calories from carbohydrate (r = 0.149, p < 0.05) after controlling for household income, material possessions, field center, and total caloric intake. Income was inversely associated with percentage calories from fat. DISCUSSION: Physical activity and dietary fat consumption were inversely related among African-American girls. Efforts to prevent obesity in preadolescent African-American girls should focus on increasing physical activity and lowering dietary fat consumption.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)55S-63S
JournalObesity research
Volume12 Suppl
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2004

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    Jago, R., Baranowski, T., Yoo, S., Cullen, K. W., Zakeri, I., Watson, K., Himes, J. H., Pratt, C., Sun, W., Pruitt, L. A., & Matheson, D. M. (2004). Relationship between physical activity and diet among African-American girls. Obesity research, 12 Suppl, 55S-63S. https://doi.org/10.1038/oby.2004.269