Rejecting cosmic background for exclusive charged current quasi elastic neutrino interaction studies with Liquid Argon TPCs; a case study with the MicroBooNE detector

C. Adams, M. Alrashed, R. An, J. Anthony, J. Asaadi, A. Ashkenazi, M. Auger, S. Balasubramanian, B. Baller, C. Barnes, G. Barr, M. Bass, F. Bay, A. Bhat, K. Bhattacharya, M. Bishai, A. Blake, T. Bolton, L. Camilleri, D. CaratelliI. Caro Terrazas, R. Carr, R. Castillo Fernandez, F. Cavanna, G. Cerati, Y. Chen, E. Church, D. Cianci, E. O. Cohen, G. H. Collin, J. M. Conrad, M. Convery, L. Cooper-Troendle, J. I. Crespo-Anadón, M. Del Tutto, D. Devitt, A. Diaz, K. Duffy, S. Dytman, B. Eberly, A. Ereditato, L. Escudero Sanchez, J. Esquivel, J. J. Evans, A. A. Fadeeva, R. S. Fitzpatrick, B. T. Fleming, D. Franco, A. P. Furmanski, D. Garcia-Gamez, V. Genty, D. Goeldi, S. Gollapinni, O. Goodwin, E. Gramellini, H. Greenlee, R. Grosso, R. Guenette, P. Guzowski, A. Hackenburg, P. Hamilton, O. Hen, J. Hewes, C. Hill, G. A. Horton-Smith, A. Hourlier, E. C. Huang, C. James, J. Jan de Vries, X. Ji, L. Jiang, R. A. Johnson, J. Joshi, H. Jostlein, Y. J. Jwa, G. Karagiorgi, W. Ketchum, B. Kirby, M. Kirby, T. Kobilarcik, I. Kreslo, I. Lepetic, Y. Li, A. Lister, B. R. Littlejohn, S. Lockwitz, D. Lorca, W. C. Louis, M. Luethi, B. Lundberg, X. Luo, A. Marchionni, S. Marcocci, C. Mariani, J. Marshall, J. Martin-Albo, D. A.Martinez Caicedo, A. Mastbaum, V. Meddage, T. Mettler, K. Mistry, A. Mogan, J. Moon, M. Mooney, C. D. Moore, J. Mousseau, M. Murphy, R. Murrells, D. Naples, P. Nienaber, J. Nowak, O. Palamara, V. Pandey, V. Paolone, A. Papadopoulou, V. Papavassiliou, S. F. Pate, Z. Pavlovic, E. Piasetzky, D. Porzio, G. Pulliam, X. Qian, J. L. Raaf, A. Rafique, L. Ren, L. Rochester, M. Ross-Lonergan, C. Rudolf von Rohr, B. Russell, G. Scanavini, D. W. Schmitz, A. Schukraft, W. Seligman, M. H. Shaevitz, R. Sharankova, J. Sinclair, A. Smith, E. L. Snider, M. Soderberg, S. Söldner-Rembold, S. R. Soleti, P. Spentzouris, J. Spitz, J. St John, T. Strauss, K. Sutton, S. Sword-Fehlberg, A. M. Szelc, N. Tagg, W. Tang, K. Terao, M. Thomson, R. T. Thornton, M. Toups, Y. T. Tsai, S. Tufanli, T. Usher, W. Van De Pontseele, R. G. Van de Water, B. Viren, M. Weber, H. Wei, D. A. Wickremasinghe, K. Wierman, Z. Williams, S. Wolbers, T. Wongjirad, K. Woodruff, T. Yang, G. Yarbrough, L. E. Yates, G. P. Zeller, J. Zennamo, C. Zhang

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Cosmic ray (CR) interactions can be a challenging source of background for neutrino oscillation and cross-section measurements in surface detectors. We present methods for CR rejection in measurements of charged-current quasielastic-like (CCQE-like) neutrino interactions, with a muon and a proton in the final state, measured using liquid argon time projection chambers (LArTPCs). Using a sample of cosmic data collected with the MicroBooNE detector, mixed with simulated neutrino scattering events, a set of event selection criteria is developed that produces an event sample with minimal contribution from CR background. Depending on the selection criteria used a purity between 50 and 80% can be achieved with a signal selection efficiency between 50 and 25%, with higher purity coming at the expense of lower efficiency. While using a specific dataset and selection criteria values optimized for the MicroBooNE detector, the concepts presented here are generic and can be adapted for various studies of exclusive νμ CCQE interactions in LArTPCs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number673
JournalEuropean Physical Journal C
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This document was prepared by the MicroBooNE collaboration using the resources of the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab), a U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, HEP User Facility. Fermilab is managed by Fermi Research Alliance, LLC (FRA), acting under Contract No. DE-AC02-07CH11359. MicroBooNE is supported by the following: the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Offices of High Energy Physics and Nuclear Physics; the U.S. National Science Foundation; the Swiss National Science Foundation; the Science and Technology Facilities Council of the United Kingdom; and The Royal Society (United Kingdom). Additional support for the laser calibration system and cosmic ray tagger was provided by the Albert Einstein Center for Fundamental Physics, Bern, Switzerland. This work was also supported by the Israel Science Foundation. Erez O. Cohen would like to acknowledge the Azrieli Foundation.

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