Reinstatement of andrena vernalis mitchell (Hymenoptera: Andrenidae) from synonymy with A. Ziziae Robertson

Zachary M. Portman, Ian G. Lane, Gabriella L. Pardee, Daniel P. Cariveau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Andrena (Micrandrena) ziziae Robertson, 1891 (Hymenoptera: Andrenidae) is a well-known species found in a variety of habitats in the eastern and central United States and adjacent southern Canada. Andrena (Micrandrena) vernalis Mitchell, 1960 was described from five female specimens in the eastern United States and was synonymized with A. ziziae by Ribble in 1968. Recently collected specimens from throughout Minnesota have revealed that A. ziziae sensu Ribble is actually two species, one of which matches A. verna-lis. Here, we reinstate A. vernalis as a valid species and describe the previously unknown male. We provide diagnostic characters that separate A. ziziae and A. vernalis, as well as data on the geographic range and floral preferences of both species in Minnesota. Andrena vernalis appears to be restricted to high-quality remnant habitats, making it a species of potential conservation concern. These changes will require that previous work on A. ziziae be revisited to determine if A. vernalis is also present.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number5
Pages (from-to)25-40
Number of pages16
JournalGreat Lakes Entomologist
Volume53
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We would like to thank the many people who generously provided specimens and data used in this study: Julia Brokaw (UMN), Bethanne Bruninga-Socolar (UMN), Elaine Evans (UMN), Kiley Friedrich (UMN), Nicole Gerjets (MNDNR), Nora Pennarola (UMN), and Jessica Petersen (MNDNR). This work was funded by the Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund, M.L. 2016, Chp. 186, Sec. 2, Subd. 03a. Specimens collected by MNDNR were also funded by the Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund. We also appreciate the assistance of the curators who provided access to type specimens or data: Crystal Maier (MCZ), Thomas McElrath (INHS), and Bob Blinn (NCSU). We thank Corey Sheffield and one anonymous reviewer for their helpful comments that improved this manuscript. Finally, we would like to thank Mike Arduser for providing feedback on the characters used to separate A. vernalis and A. ziziae.

Funding Information:
We would like to thank the many peo-ple who generously provided specimens and data used in this study: Julia Brokaw (UMN), Bethanne Bruninga-Socolar (UMN), Elaine Evans (UMN), Kiley Friedrich (UMN), Nicole Gerjets (MNDNR), Nora Pennarola (UMN), and Jessica Petersen (MNDNR). This work was funded by the Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund, M.L. 2016, Chp. 186, Sec. 2, Subd. 03a. Specimens collected by MNDNR were also funded by the Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund. We also appreciate the assistance of the curators who provided access to type specimens or data: Crystal Maier (MCZ), Thomas McElrath (INHS), and Bob Blinn (NCSU). We thank Corey Sheffield and one anonymous reviewer for their helpful comments that improved this manuscript. Finally, we would like to thank Mike Arduser for providing feedback on the characters used to separate A. vernalis and A. ziziae.

Keywords

  • Apiaceae
  • Specialization
  • Species complex
  • Taxonomy
  • Zizia

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Reinstatement of andrena vernalis mitchell (Hymenoptera: Andrenidae) from synonymy with A. Ziziae Robertson'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this