Regulation of M1 muscarinic receptor-mediated signaling in intact cells by exogenous, but not endogenously produced, nitric oxide

Ann M. Parsons, Jennifer L. Sorman, Esam E El-Fakahany

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Regulation of nitric oxide (NO) formation is critical to ensure maintenance of appropriate cellular concentrations of this labile, signaling molecule. This study investigated the role exogenous and endogenously produced NO have in feeding back to regulate NO synthesis in intact cells. Two NO donors inhibited activation of neuronal NO synthase (nNOS) in response to the muscarinic receptor agonist carbachol in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells stably transfected with the M1 muscarinic receptor and nNOS. The presence of the NO scavenger [2-(4-Carboxyphenyl)- 4,4,5,5tetramethylimidazoline-1-oxyl-3-oxide · potassium salt] (C-PTIO) potentiated carbachol-induced activation of nNOS in transfected CHO cells. C- PTIO also potentiated nNOS activity in response to the Ca2+ ionophore ionomycin. In contrast, the NO scavenger oxyhemoglobin depressed carbachol- and ionomycin-induced NO formation. These discrepant results suggest that it is unlikely that endogenously produced NO induces feed back inhibition at the level of nNOS activation itself. Exogenous sources of NO inhibited carbachol- induced inositol phosphates formation. However, endogenously produced NO did not appeal- to feed back to regulate phosphoinositide hydrolysis as there was no difference in [3H]inositol phosphates formation between cCells that do or do not express nNOS. There was also no change in carbachol-induced [3H]inositol phosphates formation in the presence or absence of a NOS inhibitor or the NO scavenger C-PTIO. A decrease in the carbachol-mediated transient Ca2+ peak was observed in cells that express nNOS as compared to cells lacking the enzyme, suggesting that endogenous NO might inhibit receptor mediated Ca2+ signaling. This conclusion, however, was not supported by the lack of ability of a NOS inhibitor to modulate carbachol- induced Ca2+ elevations. Taken together, these results highlight differences in the regulation of the nNOS activation cascade by endogenous vs. exogenous sources of NO.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)85-94
Number of pages10
JournalNeurochemical Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1999

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors thank Tariq Abalis for technical assistance. This work was supported by NIH grants NS10327 (AMP) and NS25743 (EEE).


  • Calcium
  • Feed back inhibition
  • Muscarinic receptors
  • Nitric oxide
  • Second messengers


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