Regulation of monocarboxylic acid transporter 1 trafficking by the canonical Wnt/β-catenin pathway in rat brain endothelial cells requires cross-talk with notch signaling

Zejian Liu, Mary Sneve, Thomas A. Haroldson, Jeffrey P. Smith, Lester R. Drewes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

The transport of monocarboxylate fuels such as lactate, pyruvate, and ketone bodies across brain endothelial cells is mediated by monocarboxylic acid transporter 1 (MCT1). Although the canonical Wnt/β-catenin pathway is required for rodent blood-brain barrier development and for the expression of associated nutrient transporters, the role of this pathway in the regulation of brain endothelial MCT1 is unknown. Here we report expression of nine members of the frizzled receptor family by the RBE4 rat brain endothelial cell line. Furthermore, activation of the canonical Wnt/β-catenin pathway in RBE4 cells via nuclear β-catenin signaling with LiCl does not alter brain endothelial Mct1 mRNA but increases the amount of MCT1 transporter protein. Plasma membrane biotinylation studies and confocal microscopic examination of mCherry-tagged MCT1 indicate that increased transporter results from reduced MCT1 trafficking from the plasma membrane via the endosomal/lysosomal pathway and is facilitated by decreased MCT1 ubiquitination following LiCl treatment. Inhibition of the Notch pathway by the β-secretase inhibitor N-[N-(3,5-difluorophenacetyl)-L-alanyl]- S-phenylglycine t-butyl ester negated the up-regulation of MCT1 by LiCl, demonstrating a cross-talk between the canonical Wnt/β-catenin and Notch pathways. Our results are important because they show, for the first time, the regulation of MCT1 in cerebrovascular endothelial cells by the multifunctional canonical Wnt/β-catenin and Notch signaling pathways.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8059-8069
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume291
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 8 2016

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