Lymphocyte adhesiveness is dynamically regulated in response to conditions in the extracellular environment. One mechanism of regulation of integrin adhesion receptors involves a rapid, but transient, increase in integrin function upon T lymphocyte activation. These integrin activating signals can be initiated either via ligation of Ig superfamily members that are coupled to tyrosine kinase cascades, such as the CD3/T cell receptor, CD2, and CD28, or by G protein-coupled receptors for chemokines. Analysis of integrin activation induced by CD3/TCR, CD2 and CD28 suggests a critical role for phosphoinositide 3-OH kinase (PI 3-K). This review summarizes recent insights into PI 3-K-dependent regulation of integrin function in leukocytes, including the mechanisms by which these receptors are coupled to PI 3-K, and potential downstream effecters of PI 3-K that regulate integrin-mediated adhesion in leukocytes.
- PI 3-kinase
- T lymphocyte