Regulated proteolysis of Trop2 drives epithelial hyperplasia and stem cell self-renewal via β-catenin signaling

Tanya Stoyanova, Andrew S. Goldstein, Houjian Cai, Justin M. Drake, Jiaoti Huang, Owen N. Witte

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

63 Scopus citations

Abstract

The cell surface protein Trop2 is expressed on immature stem/progenitor-like cells and is overexpressed in many epithelial cancers. However the biological function of Trop2 in tissue maintenance and tumorigenesis remains unclear. In this study, we demonstrate that Trop2 is a regulator of self-renewal, proliferation, and transformation. Trop2 controls these processes through a mechanism of regulated intramembrane proteolysis that leads to cleavage of Trop2, creating two products: the extracellular domain and the intracellular domain. The intracellular domain of Trop2 is released from the membrane and accumulates in the nucleus. Heightened expression of the Trop2 intracellular domain promotes stem/progenitor self-renewal through signaling via β-catenin and is sufficient to initiate precursor lesions to prostate cancer in vivo. Importantly, we demonstrate that loss of β-catenin or Trop2 loss-of-function cleavage mutants abrogates Trop2-driven self-renewal and hyperplasia in the prostate. These findings suggest that heightened expression of Trop2 is selected for in epithelial cancers to enhance the stem-like properties of self-renewal and proliferation. Defining the mechanism of Trop2 function in self-renewal and transformation is essential to identify new therapeutic strategies to block Trop2 activation in cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2271-2285
Number of pages15
JournalGenes and Development
Volume26
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Regulated intramembrane proteolysis
  • Self-renewal
  • Transformation
  • Trop2
  • β-catenin

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