'TAM 401' (Reg. No. CV-1056, PI 658500), a hard red winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivar with the experimental designation TX03M1096, was developed and released by Texas AgriLife Research in 2008. TAM 401 is an F4-derived line from the cross 'Mason' (PI 594044)/'Jagger' (PI 593688) made at College Station, TX in the fall of 1997. Mason is a soft red winter wheat cultivar released by AgriPro in 1996, and Jagger is a hard red winter wheat cultivar developed and released by Kansas State University in 1996. TAM 401 is an early maturing, apically awnletted wheat suitable for grain-only, dual- purpose, and graze-out systems. TAM 401 was released primarily for its excellent grain yield potential across a wide range of environments in Texas; good fall and early winter forage potential; resistance to leaf rust (caused by Puccinia triticina Eriks.) and stripe rust (caused by P. striiformis Westend.); and acceptable hard red winter wheat end-use quality. The proposed primary area of adaptation for TAM 401 will be the warmer and more humid areas such as South Texas, the Blacklands, and the Rolling Plains of Texas, where awnletted or apically awnletted hard red winter wheat cultivars with resistance to leaf rust and stripe rust are very limited.