Fusarium head blight (FHB) [caused by Fusarium graminearum Schwabe; telomorph Gibberella zeae (Schwein.) Petch], is a major constraint to spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) production. The objective of this research was to release a hard red spring wheat (HRSW) cultivar with enhanced FHB resistance. 'Brick' (Reg. No. 1043, PI 657697) HRSW was developed at South Dakota State University (SDSU) and released by the South Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station to Registered seed producers in March 2009. The cross ND2897/SD3219//SD3414 was created in spring 2000. ND2897 is an unreleased experimental line developed by the North Dakota State University HRSW breeding program, and SD3219 and SD3414 are both unreleased experimental lines developed by the SDSU-HRSW breeding program. The population was advanced via an early-generation bulk-testing program where F4:6 seed was included in the 2004 preliminary yield trial, and the line was designated SD3851. SD3851 also was tested in the advanced yield trial from 2005 through 2008. Brick was released for its high level of resistance to FHB when compared to other HRSW cultivars developed by the SDSU-HRSW breeding program as well as its high yield potential and grain volume weight in South Dakota and the northern Great Plains. Additionally, Brick is moderately resistant to leaf rust (caused by Puccinia triticina Eriks.) and has an early heading date compared with HRSW cultivars currently in production.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Plant Registrations|
|State||Published - Jan 2010|